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What is Herepes Infections?

Herpes is a common viral infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of HSV:

  • HSV-1: Typically causes oral herpes, which leads to cold sores or fever blisters around the mouth.
  • HSV-2: Usually responsible for genital herpes, affecting the genital and anal areas.

Both types of herpes can cause sores on the face or genital area.

How is Herpes Transmitted?

Herpes is highly contagious and can be spread through direct contact with an infected person. Common transmission methods include:

  • Oral-to-oral contact: Sharing utensils, lip balm, or kissing someone with oral herpes.
  • Sexual contact: Vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected person, especially when sores are present.
  • Mother-to-child: During childbirth if the mother has an active infection.

Symptoms of Herpes

Herpes symptoms can vary depending on the type of virus and the location of the infection. Common symptoms include:

  • Blisters and sores: Painful blisters or ulcers around the mouth, genitals, or anus.
  • Itching and tingling: Sensations that may occur before the appearance of blisters.
  • Flu-like symptoms: Fever, swollen lymph nodes, and body aches.

Many people with herpes may not show symptoms or may have very mild symptoms that go unnoticed.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If you suspect you have herpes, it’s essential to get a professional diagnosis. At New Touch Skin Clinic, we offer comprehensive testing and diagnosis for herpes infections. Here’s what to expect:

  • Physical examination: A doctor examines the affected area for signs of herpes.
  • Laboratory tests: Swab samples from sores can be tested for HSV.
  • Blood tests: Can detect antibodies to HSV if sores are not present.

While there is no cure for herpes, antiviral medications can help manage symptoms and reduce the frequency of outbreaks. Treatment options include:

  • Antiviral creams: Applied directly to sores to reduce pain and speed up healing.
  • Oral antiviral medications: Such as acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir, which can help control outbreaks and reduce transmission risk.

Preventing Herpes Transmission

Preventing the spread of herpes involves taking precautions such as:

  • Using condoms: During sexual activity to reduce the risk of transmission.
  • Avoiding contact: With sores and abstaining from sexual activity during outbreaks.
  • Regular screening: For sexually active individuals to detect and manage infections early.

Living with Herpes

Living with herpes can be challenging, but with the right management and support, individuals can lead healthy, fulfilling lives. At New Touch Skin Clinic, we provide personalized care and support for those living with herpes. Our team is dedicated to helping you manage your condition and maintain your well-being.

To know more, follow this link: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/a-z/herpes-simplex-overview

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